One in three people sleep less than seven hours each night. One in three people are obese. There might be a connection there.
Although everyone who’s overweight or obese isn’t sleep-deprived, and some people who are sleep-deprived might stay skinny, sleep definitely plays a role on body composition for most of us.
A new study shows sleep debt causes you to store more fat, even when your diet remains unchanged. It also leaves you less satisfied from your meals, which could cause you to eat more than you need.
On top of that, a second study just published shows that sleep debt isn’t just a problem for adults. It shed more light on the impact it has on adolescents, especially girls.
I’ll touch on these recent findings below, but if you want a more in-depth article on the importance of sleep, and how to improve sleep quality and quantity, check out my article Sleep: The Ultimate Guide For Your Health.
Not surprisingly, it’s one of the three synergistic health habits I discuss in my ebook, The First 3 Habits of VIGOR(ESS) Health.
Short-Term Sleep Debt, Body Fat, and Satiety
The first study looked at the impact of sleep debt during a typical workweek.
Prior to beginning the study, fifteen healthy, young men spent a week at home, getting 10 hours in bed each night.
Note: The researchers could only account for time in bed (TIB), not for actual hours slept, to run the study. That’s why I use the usual phrase “time in bed” instead of hours slept.
Then, they checked into the sleep lab, where they got 10 hours of time in bed for another three nights. That’s 10 days in a row with 10 hours in bed. You might be wondering, “How can I get in on one of these studies?! Ten hours would be amazing!”
Following their first three nights at the sleep lab, they were restricted to just five hours of time in bed for five nights in a row, similar to the lifestyle many Americans live each week. After those five nights of sleep restriction, they got two more nights of 10 hours time in bed to see if they recovered.
Rather than looking at the impact the sleep debt had on breakfast the next morning, which is what most research has already reviewed, this group wanted to look at the impact of sleep debt on dinner, the biggest meal of the day for most people.
Dinner remained the same on all nights, including the nights they got 10 hours of bedtime. So, the only difference in everything was the time in bed.
The participants blood sugar fluctuations were the same after the nights with 10 hours or five hours of sleep. But their insulin levels were higher on the days following their shortened sleep.
Without a change in blood sugar, insulin levels increased. Insulin increases fat storage, which the researchers saw based on the lab work they performed.
In essence, the simple act of restricting sleep caused the participants to store more fat. On top of that, they felt less satisfied from the meals they ate. Given the opportunity to eat more, they probably would have. And, had they eaten more, based on their insulin levels, they would have stored more energy as fat.
The other interesting finding was that even after the two additional nights of 10 hours of sleep, their hormone levels had still not returned to normal.
Teenagers With Too Little Sleep Are More Likely To Become Overweight Too
Another study, just published in the Journal of The American Medical Association, Pediatrics, looked at the sleep patterns and body composition of 800 adolescents.
Not surprisingly, the less sleep they got, the more likely it was that they’d be overweight.
That shouldn’t be a surprise.
What was a surprise was that those who went to sleep later, or who went to sleep at inconsistent times, were more likely to be overweight, regardless of the difference in hours they slept.
This is an important finding for parents who think the solution is a later start time for schools. That’s probably not going to help.
The late or inconsistent bedtimes screw up their circadian rhythms, which disrupts melatonin production, which throws off the rest of the hormones that depend on a regular, daily cycle.
The best solution for helping kids remain healthy isn’t to start school later; it’s to get to bed earlier, and at a consistent time.
This ought to be a “wake up” call for coaches and others involved in extracurricular activities as well. If I were a coach, I’d want my athletes in bed no later than 10 pm, and getting 8-9 hours of sleep each night. Their brains and bodies need the sleep to perform as well.
Kids who went to sleep earlier, and at a consistent time throughout the week, are more likely to be healthy and lean.
One additional interesting finding…according to the study, females are at a greater risk of becoming overweight than males with dysfunctional sleep patterns. In my opinion, this sets the stage for them to develop polycystic ovary syndrome in young adulthood as well.
Sufficient Sleep Requires Some Sacrifice
As important as I understand sleep to be, I miss the mark sometimes too, such as during our recent move. Even with the right sleep-supporting supplements, essential oils, and our sound machine, Vanessa and I got less than seven hours of sleep multiple nights in a row.
But that’s a rarity, not the rule.
We want our brains to work, and our bodies to last, well into old age. We know that won’t happen if we’re not committed to quality sleep.
For more on the importance of sleep, and how to improve your quantity and quality, check out my article Sleep: The Ultimate Guide For Your Health.