Article References

Papers referenced for blog articles. Articles are sorted alphabetically. I use this page for references to reduce the word count on the actual articles, which helps improve the page loading speed.

6 Health Benefits Of The Sauna (And How To Get The Most Out Of It)

Article found here: 6 Health Benefits Of The Sauna (And How To Get The Most Out Of It).

Blum N, Blum A. Beneficial effects of sauna bathing for heart failure patients. Exp Clin Cardiol. 2007;12(1):29-32.

Ernst E, Pecho E, Wirz P, Saradeth T. Regular sauna bathing and the incidence of common colds. Ann Med. 1990;22:225-227.

Ftaiti F, Jemni M, Kacem A, et al. Effect of hyperthermia and physical activity on circulating growth hormone. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2008;33(5):880-887.

Hannuksela ML, Ellahham S. Benefits and Risks of Sauna Bathing. Am J Med. 2001;110:118-126.

Kokura S, Adachi S, Manabe E, et al. Int J Hyperthermia. 2007;23(3):259-265.

Kunutsor SK, Laukkanen T, Laukkanen JA. Sauna bathing reduces the risk of respiratory disease: a long-term prospective cohort study. Eur J Epidemiol. 2017;32:1107-1111

Laitinen LA, Lindqvist A, Heino M. Lungs and ventilation in sauna. Ann Clin Res. 1988;20:244-248.

Laukkanen JA, Laukkanen T. Sauna bathing and systemic inflammation. Eur J Epid. 2018;33:351-353

Laukkanen T, Kunutsor S, Kauhanen J, et al. Sauna bathing is inversely associated with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease in middle-aged Finnish men. Age and Aging. 2017;46;245-249

Laukkanen T, Kunutsor SK, Zaccardi F, et al. Acute effects of sauna bathing on cardiovascular function. J Human Hyperten. 2018;32;129-138 Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count). Online article. Retrieved Aug 14, 2018.

Magalhães FD, Amorim FT, Freitas Passos RL, et al. Heat and exercise acclimation increases intracellular levels of Hsp72 and inhibits exercise-induced increase in intracellular and plasma Hsp72 in humans. Cell Stress Chaperones 2010;15:885–895.

Masuda A, Koga Y, Hattanmaru M, Minagoe S, Tei Ch. The effects of repeated thermal therapy for patients with chronic pain. Psychother Psychosom. 2005;75:288-294.

Naito H, Powers SK, Demirel HA, et al. Heat stress attenuates skeletal muscle atrophy in hindlimb-unweighted rats. J Appl Physiol 88: 359–363, 2000.

Pilch W, Szygula Z, Klimek AT, et al. Changes in the lippid profile of blood serum in women taking sauna baths of various duration. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2010;23(2):167-174.

Pilch W, Szygula Z, Palka T, et al. Comparison of physiological reactions and physiological strain in healthy men under heat stress in dry and steam heat saunas. Biol Sport. 2014;31:145-149

Saadat H, Sadeghi R, Motamedi MR, et al. Potential Role of Thermal Therapy as an Adjunct Treatment in Congestive Heart Failure. J Teh Univ Heart Ctr. 2009;3:149-158.

Selsby JT, Dodd SL. Heat treatment reduces oxidative stress and protects muscle mass during immobilization. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 289: R134–R139, 2005.

Selsby JT, Rother S, Tsuda S, et al. Intermittent hyperthermia enhances skeletal muscle regrowth and attenuates oxidative damage following reloading. J Appl Physiol. 2007;102:1702-1707.

Sutkowy P, Wo?niak A, Boraczy?ski T, et al. The effect of a single Finnish sauna bath after aerobic exercise on the oxidative status in healthy men. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2014;74(2):23-94

7 Body and Mind Benefits of Building Muscle

Article found here: 7 Body and Mind Benefits of Building Muscle.

Bryner RW, Ullrich IH, Sauers J, et al. Effects of Resistance vs. Aerobic Training Combined With an 800 Calorie Liquid Diet on Lean Body Mass and Resting Metabolic Rate. J Am Coll Nutr. 1999;18(1):115-121

Colby SL, Ortman JM. The Baby Boom Cohort in the United States: 2012 to 2060. United Census Bureau Current Population Reports. May 2014.

Giang V. The Surprising And Powerful Links Between Posture and Mood. Fast Company. Jan 30 2015. Retrieved June 24 2018.

Grace Rattue. “Diabetes Population May Rise To 53 Million Within 13 Years In USA.”Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 18 May. 2012. Web.

Koopman R, van Loon LJC. Aging, exercise, and muscle protein metabolism. J Appl Physiol. 2009;106:2040-2048

Lemmey AB, Marcora SM, Chester K, et al. Effects of a High-Intensity Resistance Training in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arth & Rheu. 2009;61(12):1726-34

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Diabetes Report Card. CDC. 2012. Retrieved Sept 12, 2014.

Pennings B, Groen B, de Lange A, et al. Amino acid absorption and subsequent muscle protein accre- tion following graded intakes of whey protein in elderly men. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2012;302:E992-9.

Solerte SB, Gazzaruso C, Bonacasa R, et al. Nutritional supplements with oral amino acid mixtures increases whole-body lean mass and insulin sensitivity in elderly subjects with sarcopenia. Am J Cardiol. 2008;101(11A):69E-77E

Witard OC, Jackman SR, Breen L, et al. Myofibrillar muscle protein synthesis rates subsequent to a meal in re- sponse to increasing doses of whey protein at rest and after resistance exercise. Am J Clin Nutr 2014;99:86–95.

Yang Y, Breen L, Burd N, et al. Resistance exercise enhances myofibrillar protein synthesis with graded intakes of whey protein in older men. Br J Nutr 2012;108:1780–8. 

9 Strength Training Benefits For Health, Fitness, And Anti-Aging

Article found here: 9 Strength Training Benefits For Health, Fitness, And Anti-Aging

Resistance training is medicine: effects of strength training on health - PubMed. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2020, from
Effects of strength training on total and regional body composition in older men | Journal of Applied Physiology. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2020, from
Treuth, M. S., Hunter, G. R., Kekes-Szabo, T., Weinsier, R. L., Goran, M. I., & Berland, L. (1995). Reduction in intra-abdominal adipose tissue after strength training in older women. Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md.: 1985), 78(4), 1425–1431.
Trappe, S., Williamson, D., & Godard, M. (2002). Maintenance of Whole Muscle Strength and Size Following Resistance Training in Older Men. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 57(4), B138–B143.
Evidence for Resistance Training as a Treatment Therapy in Obesity. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2020, from
Muscle mass index as a predictor of longevity in older adults - PubMed. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2020, from
Fenkci, S., Sarsan, A., Rota, S., & Ardic, F. (2006). Effects of resistance or aerobic exercises on metabolic parameters in obese women who are not on a diet. Advances in Therapy, 23, 404–413.
Jensen, J., Rustad, P. I., Kolnes, A. J., & Lai, Y.-C. (2011). The Role of Skeletal Muscle Glycogen Breakdown for Regulation of Insulin Sensitivity by Exercise. Frontiers in Physiology, 2.
Twice-weekly progressive resistance training decreases abdominal fat and improves insulin sensitivity in older men with type 2 diabetes - PubMed. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2020, from
Effects of High-Intensity Resistance Training on Untrained Older Men. I. Strength, Cardiovascular, and Metabolic Responses | The Journals of Gerontology: Series A | Oxford Academic. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2020, from
Artero, E. G., Lee, D., Ruiz, J. R., Sui, X., Ortega, F. B., Church, T. S., Lavie, C. J., Castillo, M. J., & Blair, S. N. (2011). A Prospective Study of Muscular Strength and All-cause Mortality in Men with Hypertension. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 57(18), 1831–1837.
Hinton, P. S., Nigh, P., & Thyfault, J. (2015). Effectiveness of resistance training or jumping-exercise to increase bone mineral density in men with low bone mass: a 12-month randomized, clinical trial. Bone, 79, 203–212.
Evans, P. L., McMillin, S. L., Weyrauch, L. A., & Witczak, C. A. (2019). Regulation of Skeletal Muscle Glucose Transport and Glucose Metabolism by Exercise Training. Nutrients, 11(10).
Guerrero, N., Bunout, D., Hirsch, S., Barrera, G., Leiva, L., Henríquez, S., & De la Maza, M. P. (2016). Premature loss of muscle mass and function in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 117, 32–38.
Bianchi, L., & Volpato, S. (2016). Muscle dysfunction in type 2 diabetes: a major threat to patient’s mobility and independence. Acta Diabetologica, 53(6), 879–889.
Kim, J. A., Hwang, S. Y., Chung, H. S., Kim, N. H., Seo, J. A., Kim, S. G., Kim, N. H., Choi, K. M., Baik, S. H., & Yoo, H. J. (2019). Proportion and Characteristics of the Subjects with Low Muscle Mass and Abdominal Obesity among the Newly Diagnosed and Drug-Naïve Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Diabetes & Metabolism Journal, 43(1), 105–113.

9 Reasons To Stop Doing Cardio Or Endurance Training

Article found here: 9 Reasons To Stop Doing Cardio Or Endurance Training

Anderson T, Lane AR, Hackney AC. Cortisol and testosterone dynamics following exhaustive endurance exercise. Eur J Appl  Physiol. 2016;116(8):1503-1509.

Bojana P, Popovic D, Djuro A. Exercise Stress: Focus on Catabolic /Anabolic Interplay Between Cortisol, Testosterone, and Sex Hormone Binding Globulin in Professional Athletes. J Med Biochem. 2019;38(1):6-12.

Bosco C, Viru A. Testosterone and cortisol levels in blood of male sprinters, soccer players and cross-country skiers. Biol Sport. 1998;15(1):3-8.

Chung N, Park MY, Kim J, et al. Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT): a component of total daily energy expenditure. J Exerc Nutrition Biochem. 2018;22(2):23-30.

Crewther BT, Cook C, Cardinale W, et al. Two emerging concepts for elite athletes: the short-term effects of testosterone and cortisol on the neuromuscular system and the dose-response training role of these endogenous hormones. Sports Med. 2011;41(2):103-23.

Hackney AC. Effects of endurance exercise on the reproductive system of men: the /exercise-hypogonadal male condition/. J Endocrinol Invest. 2008;31:932-938.

Hagmar M, Hirschberg AL, Bergland L. Special attention to the weight-control strategies employed by Olympic athletes striving for leanness is required. Clin J Sport Med. 2008;18(1):5-9.

Hamill J, Gruber AH. Is changing footstrike pattern beneficial to runners? J Sport Health Sci. 2017;6(2):146-153.

Healy ML, Ginny J, Pentecost C, et al. Endocrine profiles in 693 elite athletes in the post-competition setting. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2014;81(2):294-305.

Hoeger WWK, Bond L, Ransdell L, et al. One-Mile Step Count At Walking And Running Speeds. ACSM Health Fit J. 2008;12(1):14-19.

Goto K, Higashiyama M, Ishii N, Takamatsu K. Prior endurance exercise attenuates growth hormone response to subsequent resistance exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2005;94:333-338.

Janssen Duijghuijsen LM, Mensink M, Lenaerts K, et al. The effect of endurance exercise on intestinal integrity in well-trained healthy men. Physiol Rep. 2016;e12994.

Lac G, Berthon P. Changes in cortisol and testosterone levels and T/C ratio during an endurance competition and recovery. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2000;40(2):139-44.

Loucks AB, Thuma JR. Leuteinizing hormone pulsatility is disrupted at a threshold of energy availability in regularly menstruating women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003;88(1):297-311.

Mercer JA, Horsch S. Heel-toe running: A new look at the influence of foot strike pattern on impact force. J Exer Sci Fit. 2015;13(1):29-34.

Nieman DC. Post-Exercise Skeletal Muscle Glycogen Related to Plasma Cytokines and Muscle IL-6 Protein Content, But Not Muscle Cytokine MRNA Expression. Front Nutr. 2015.

Scofield KL, Hecht S. Bone Health in Endurance Athletes: Runners, Cyclists, and Swimmers.

Stelzer I, Kröpfl JM, Fuchs R, et al. Ultra-endurance exercise induces stress and inflammation and affects circulating hematopoietic progenitor cell function. Scan J Med Sci Sport. 2015;25(5):e442-e450.

Tremblay A, Poehlman ET, Després JP, et al. Endurance training with constant energy intake in identical twins: Changes over time in energy expenditure and related hormones. Metabolism. 1997;46(5):499-503.

Washburn RA, Lambourne K, Szabo AN, et al. Does increased prescribed exercise alter non-exercise physical activity/energy expenditure in healthy adults? A systemic review. Clin Obes. 2014;4(1):1-20.

Adrenal Fatigue: What You Need To Know

Article found here: Adrenal Fatigue: What You Need To Know.

Cadegiani FA, Kater CE. Adrenal fatigue does not exist: a systematic review. BMC Endocrine Disorders. 2016;16:48

Chandrasekhar K, Kapoor J, Anishetty S. A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of safety and efficacy of a high-concentration full-spectrum extract of ashwagandha root in reducing stress and anxiety in adults. Indian J Psychol Med. 2012;34(3):255-62

Choudhary D, Bhattacharyya S, Joshi K. Body Weight Management in Adults Under Chronic Stress Through Treatment With Ashwagandha Root Extract: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Evid Based Complementary Med. 2017;22(1):96-106

Filipsson H, Monson JP, Koltowska-Haggstrom M, et al. The impact of glucocorticoid replacement regimens on metabolic outcome and comorbidity in hypopituitary patients. J Clin Endocrinol and Metab. 2006;91:3954–61.
Gupta A, Gupta Y. Glucocorticoid-induced myopathy: Pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2013;17(5):913–6

Huscher D, Thiele K, Gromnica-Ihle E, et al. Dose-related patterns of glucocorticoid-induced side effects. Ann Rheum Dis. 2009;68(7):1119–24

Kalman DS, Feldman S, Feldman R, et al. Effect of a proprietary Magnolia and Phellodendron extract on stress levels in healthy women: a pilot, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Nutrition J. 2008;7:11

McDonough AK, Curtis JR, Saag KG. The epidemiology of glucocorticoid associated adverse events. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2008;20(2):131–7

Oray M, Abu Samra K, Ebrahimiadib N, et al. Long-term side effects of glucocorticoids. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2016;15(4):457–65

Panda S, Kar A. Changes in thyroid hormone concentrations after administration of ashwagandha root extract to adult male mice. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1998;50(9):1065-8

Talbott SM, Talbott JA, Pugh M. Effect of Magnolia officinalis and Phellodendron amurense (Relora®) on cortisol and psychological mood state in moderately stressed subjects. JISSN. 2013;10:37

Wankhede S, Langade D, Joshi K, et al. Examining the effect of Withania somnifera supplementation on muscle strength and recovery: a randomized controlled trial. JISSN. 2015;12:43

Wei L, MacDonald TM, Walker BR. Taking glucocorticoids by prescription is associated with subsequent cardiovascular disease. Ann Intern Med. 2004;141:764–70

Whittier X, Saag KG. Glucocorticoid-induced Osteoporosis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2016;42(1):177–89 

Amino Acids: What You Need to Know

Article found here: Amino Acids: What You Need to Know.

Aquilani R, Iadarola P, Contardi A, et al. Branched-chain amino acids enhance the cognitive recovery of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005;86(9):1729-1735

Bach E. Thomsen HH, Johannsen M, et al. Amino acid supplementation is anabolic during the actue phase of endotoxin-induced inflammation: A human randomized crossover trial. J Clin Nutr. 2016;35(2):322-330

Beutheu S, Ouella W, Guérin C, et al. Glutamine supplementation, but not combined glutamine and arginine supplementation, improves gut barrier function during chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis in rats. J Clin Nur. 2014;33(4):694-701

Bellinger PM. Beta-Alanine Supplementation for Athletic Performance: An Update. J Str Cond Res. 2013;28(4)1751-1770

Bendahan D, Mattei JP, Ghattas B, et al. Citrulline/malate promotes aerobic energy production in human exercising muscle. Br J Sports Med. 2002;36(4):282-289

Bifari F, Nisoli E. Branched-chain amino acids differently modulate catabolic and anabolic states in mammals: a pharmacological point of view. Brit J Pharm. 2017;174:1366-1377

Brooks N, Cloutier GJ, Cadena SM, et al. Resistance training and timed essential amino acids protect against the loss of muscle mass and strength during 28 days of bed rest and energy deficit. J Appl Physiol. 2008;105(1):241-248

Burd NA, Tang JE, Moore DR, Phillips SM. Exercise training and protein metabolism: influences of contraction, protein intake, and sex-based differences. J Appl Physiol. 2009;106(5):1692-701

Cole JT, Mitala CM, Kundu S, et al. Dietary branched chain amino acids ameliorate injury-induced cognitive impairment. Proced Nat Acad Sci. 2010;107(1):366-371

Como L, De Siati M, Lorusso F, et al. Oral L-citrulline supplementation improves erection hardness in men with mild erectile dysfunction. Urology. 2011;77(1):119-22

Galland L. The Gut Microbiome and the Brain. J Med Food. 2014;17(12):1261-1272

Hickner RC, Tanner CJ, Evans CA, et al. L-citrulline reduces time to exhaustion and insulin response to a graded exercise test. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006;38(4):660-666

Jourdan M, Nair KS, Carter RE, et al. Citrulline stimulates muscle protein synthesis in the post-absorptive state in healthy people fed a low-protein diet – A pilot study. 2015;34(3):449-456

Laidlaw SA, Shultz TD, Cecchino JT, Kipple JD. Plasma and urine taurine levels in vegans. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988;47(4):66-663

Lainscak M, Filippatos GS, Gheorghiade M, et al. Cachexia: Common, Deadly, With an Urgent Need for Precise Definition and New Therapies. Am J Cardiol. 2008;101[suppl]:8E-10E

Manders RJ, Little JP, Forbes SC, Candow DG. Insulintropic and Muscle Protein Synthetic Effects of Branched-Chain Amino Acids: Potential Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes and Sarcopenia. Nutrients. 2012;4:1664-1678

Ra SG, Miyazaki T, Ishikura K, et al. Combined effect of branched-chain amino acids and taurine supplementation on delayed onset muscle soreness and muscle damage in high-intensity eccentric exercise. JISSN. 2013;10:51 doi:10.1186/1550-2783-10-51

Samocha-Bonet D, Wong O, Synnott EL, et al. Glutamine Reduces Postprandial Glycemia and Augments the Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Response in Type 2 Diabetes Patients. J Nutr. 2011;141:1233-1238

Taegtmeyer H, Harinstein ME, Gheorghiade M. More Than Bricks and Mortar: Comments on Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism in the Heart. Am J Cardiol. 2008;101[suppl]:3E-7E

Tamanna N, Mahmood N. Emerging Roles of Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplementation in Human Diseases. Int Schol. Res. Not. 2014

Valerio A, D’Antona G, Nisoli E. Branched-chain amino acids, mitochondrial biogenesis, and health span: an evolutionary perspective. Aging. 2011;3(5):464-478

Antioxidants And Exercise: Why They're Not A Great Combination

Article found here: Antioxidants And Exercise: Why They’re Not A Great Combination

Engelberg J. How Many Pounds Of Oxygen Do We “Eat” Each Day? Am J Physiol. 1996;271:S43-S44.

Peternelj T, Coombes J. Antioxidant Supplementation during Exercise Training. Sports Medicine. 2012;31(12):1043-1069

Phaniendra A, Jestadi DB, Periyasamy L. Free Radicals: Properties, Sources, Targets, And Their Implications In Various Diseases. Indian J Clin Biochem. 2015;30(1):11-26

Are You Going to Get a Flu Shot?

Article found here: Are you going to get a flu shot?

Bambery B, Douglas T, Selgelid MJ, et al. Influenza Vaccination Strategies Should Target Children. Pub Health Ethics. 2017;2(11):221-234.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. About Flu. Retrieved Sept 30 2019.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Flu Vaccine With Adjuvant. Retrieved Oct 2 2019.

Cunningham AS. Official doubletalk hides serious problems with flu shot safety and effectiveness. BMJ. 2018;360:k15.

Demicheli V, Jefferson T, Di Pietrantonj C, et al. Vaccines for preventing influenza in the elderly. Cochrane Systematic Review. 2018:

Demicheli V, Jefferson T, Ferroni E, at al. Vaccines for preventing influenza in healthy adults. Cochrane Systematic Review. 2018:

Eisenstein M. Towards a universal flu vaccine. Nature. 2019;573(7774):S50-S52.

Faked Pandemics – a threat for health. Motion for a recommendation presented by Mr. Wodarg and others. Doc 12110. 18 December 2009.

Jefferson T, Rivetti A, Di Pietrantonj CD, Demicheli V. Vaccines for preventing influenza in healthy children. Cochrane Systematic Review. 2018:

Jefferson T, Smith S, Demicheli V, Harnden A, Rivetti A, Pietrantonj C. Assessment of the efficacy and effectiveness of influenza vaccines in healthy children: systematic review. Lancet 2005;365(9461):773‐80.

Lipstick M. Challenges of Vaccine Effectiveness and Waning Studies. Clin Inf Dis. 2019;68(10):1631-1633.

McCartney M. Margaret McCartney: What use is mass flu vaccination? BMJ. 2014;349:g6182.

National Health Service. Who should have the flu vaccine. Retrieved Oct 1 2019.

Sarkanen TO, Alkuijala APE, Dauvilliers YA, et al. Incidence of narcolepsy after H1N1 influenza and vaccinations: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Med Rev. 2018;38:177-186.

Blood Flow Restriction Training: What Is It? How Does It Work?

Article found here: Blood Flow Restriction Training: What Is It? How Does It Work?

Abe T, Kawamoto K, Yasuda T, al. Eight days KAATSU-resistance training improved sprint but not jump performance in collegiate male track and field athletes. Int J KAATSU Train Res. 2005:19-23.

Bagley JR, Rosengarten JJ, Galpin AJ. Is Blood Flow Restriction Training Beneficial for Athletes? Str Cond J. 2015;37(3):48-53.

Cook CJ, Kilduff LP, Beaven CM. Improving strength and power in trained athletes with 3 weeks of occlusion training. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014;9:166-172.

Domingos E, Polito MD. Blood pressure response between resistance exercise with and without blood flow restriction: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Life Sci. 2018;209:122-131.

Hackney KJ, Brown WJ, Stone KA, Tennent DJ. The Role of Blood Flow Restriction Training to Mitigate Sarcopenia, Dynapenia, and Enhance Clinical Recovery. Tech Orthop. 2018;33:98-105.

Hughes L, Paton B, Rosenblatt B, et al. Blood flow restriction training in clinical musculoskeletal rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. B J Sports Med. 2017;51(13):1003-1011.

Kubota A, Sakuraba K, Sawaki K, et al. Prevention of disuse muscular weakness by restriction of blood flow. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008;40(3):529-34.

Loenneke J, Wilson J, Zourdo M, Bemben M. Low intensity blood flow restriction training: a meta-analysis. Our J Appl Physiol. 2011;112(5):1849-1859.

Manini TM, Vincent KR, Leeuwenburgh CL, et al. Myogenic and proteolytic mRNA expression following blood flow restricted exercise. Acta Physiologica. 2011;201(2):255-263.

Martin-Hernández J, Marín PJ, Menéndez H, et al. Muscular adaptations after two different volumes of blood flow-restricted training. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013;23:e114-e120.

Park S, Kim JK, Choi HM, et al. Increase in maximal oxygen uptake following 2-week walk training with blood flow occlusion in athletes. Eur J App Physiol. 2010;109:591-600.

Slysz J, Stultz J, Burr JF. The efficacy of blood flow restricted exercise: A systematic review & meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2016;19(8):669-675.

Tennent DJ, Hylden CM, Johnson AE, et al. Blood Flow Restriction Training After Knee Arthroscopy: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Clin J Sport Med. 2017;27(3):245-252

Yamanaka T, Farley RS, Caputo JL. Occlusion training increases muscular strength in division IA football players. J Str Cond Res. 2012;26:2523-2529.

Cardiac Cachexia: Symptoms And Strategies To Slow Weight Loss

Article found here: Cardiac Cachexia: Symptoms And Strategies To Slow Weight Loss

Azhar G, Wei JY. New approaches to treating cardiac cachexia in the older patient. Curr Cardiovasc Risk Rep. 2013;7:480–484.

Burks TN, Andres-Mateos E, Marx R, et al. Losartan restores skeletal muscle remodeling and protects against disuse atrophy in sarcopenia. Sci Transl Med. 2011;3:82ra37.

Cavey J. Cardiac Cachexia. J Nurse Practitioner. 2011;7(7)578-581

Collamati A, Marietta E, Calvani R, et al. Sarcopenia in heart failure: mechanisms and therapeutic strategies. J Geriatr Cardiol. 2016;13:615-624

Caminiti G, Volterrani M, Iellamo F, et al. Effect of long-acting testosterone treatment on functional exercise capacity, skeletal muscle performance, insulin resistance, and baroreflex sensitivity in elderly patients with chronic heart failure a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;54 919–927. 

Carter CS, Giovannini S, Giovaninni S, et al. Differential effects of enalapril and losartan on body composition and indices of muscle quality in aged male Fischer 344 × Brown Norway rats. Age (Dordr). 2011;33:167–183.

Iellamo F, Volterrani M, Caminiti G, et al. Testosterone therapy in women with chronic heart failure: a pilot double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010;56:1310–1316. 

Jankowska EA, Biel B, Majda J, et al. Anabolic deficiency in men with chronic heart failure: prevalence and detrimental impact on survival. Circulation 2006;114:1829–1837.

Jankowska EA, Filippatos G, Ponikowska B, et al. Reduction in circulating testosterone relates to exercise capacity in men with chronic heart failure. J Card Fail 2009;15:442–450.

Malkin CJ, Pugh PJ, West JN, et al. Testosterone therapy in men with moderate severity heart failure: a double-blind randomized placebo controlled trial. Eur Heart J. 2006;27:57–64. 

Marzetti E, Calvani R, DuPree J, et al. Late-life enalapril administration induces nitric oxide-dependent and independent metabolic adaptations in the rat skeletal muscle. Age (Dordr) 2013;35:1061–1075.

Morley JE. Pharmacologic options for the treatment of sarcopenia. Calcif Tissue Int. 2016;98:319–333.

Onder G, Penninx BWJH, Balkrishnan R, et al. Relation between use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and muscle strength and physical function in older women: an observational study. Lancet (London, England). 2002;359:926–930. 

Sartiani L, Spinelli V, Laurino A, et al. Pharmacological perspectives in sarcopenia: a potential role for renin-angiotensin system blockers? Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab. 2015;12:135–138.

Stout M, Tew GA, Doll H, et al. Testosterone therapy during exercise rehabilitation in male patients with chronic heart failure who have low testosterone status: a double-blind randomized controlled feasibility study. Am Heart J. 2012;164:893–901.

Is Coffee Good For You, or Is It Bad For You?

Article found here: Is Coffee Good For You, or Is It Bad For You?


Zhou, Q., Luo, M.-L., Li, H., Li, M., & Zhou, J.-G. (2015). Coffee consumption and risk of endometrial cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Scientific Reports, 5, 13410.
Zeng, S.-B., Weng, H., Zhou, M., Duan, X.-L., Shen, X.-F., & Zeng, X.-T. (2015). Long-Term Coffee Consumption and Risk of Gastric Cancer: A PRISMA-Compliant Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Medicine, 94(38), e1640.
Yesil, A., & Yilmaz, Y. (2013). Review article: coffee consumption, the metabolic syndrome and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 38(9), 1038–1044.
Coffee consumption vs. cancer risk - a review of scientific data - PubMed. (n.d.). Retrieved July 17, 2020, from
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Collagen: Health Benefits and How to Supplement With Collagen Peptides

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Schunck M, Zague V, Oesser S, Proksch E. Dietary Supplementation with Specific Collagen Peptides Has a Body Mass Index-Dependent Beneficial Effect on Cellulite Morphology. J Med Food. 2015;18(12):1340-8.

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Zhang Y, Stefanovic B. LARP6 Meets Collagen mRNA: Specific Regulation of Type I Collagen Expression. Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17(3):419.

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS): What it is. How to get rid of it.

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Johar P, Grover V, Topp R, Behm DG. A comparison of Topical Menthol To Ice on Pain, Evoked Tetanic and Voluntary Force During Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2012;7(3):314:322.

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Digestive Enzymes: What You Need to Know

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Do Detox Diets Work?

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Cai L, Wan D, Yi F, Luan L. Purification, Preliminary Characterization and Hepatoprotective Effects of Polysaccharides from Dandelion Root. Molecules. 2017;22(9):1409.

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Essential Oils For Fitness: Research, Anecdotal Evidence, Experimentation

Article found here: Essential Oils For Fitness: Research, Anecdotal Evidence, Experimentation

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Fish Oil: Why Your Body And Brain Benefit From Supplementing With Omega-3s

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Glutathione: Health Benefits And How To Raise Your Levels

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Gluten and Going Gluten-Free: What You Need to Know

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Gluten Consumption, Babies, and the Risk of Type I Diabetes

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Growth Hormone: How to Avoid Low Levels and Boost GH Naturally

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Health Benefits of Probiotics: Your Guide

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Bazanella M, Maier TV, Clavel T, et al. Randomized controlled trial on the impact of early-life intervention with bifidobacteria on the healthy infant fecal microbiota and metabolome. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017;106:1274-1286.

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Hemp, Essential Oils, and the Endocannabinoid System: Your Guide

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How to Use Critical Thinking with Essential Oils Cynics

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Intermittent Fasting and Breakfast: What You Need To Know

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Irritable Male Syndrome, Andropause, and Reclaiming Your Manhood

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Is Hydrogen-Rich Water Good For You?

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Lavender and Tea Tree Essential Oils and Gynecomastia (Boys with Boobs)

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Limonene: Health Benefits Of An Essential Oils Constituent

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Wilson MJ, Lindgren BR, Sinha AA. The effect of dietary supplementation with limonene or myo-inositol on the induction of neoplasia and matrix metalloproteinase and plasminogen activator activities in accessory sex organs of male Lobund-Wistar rats. Exp Mol Pathol. 2008;85(2):83-89. 

Low-Carb vs Low-Fat vs High-Protein: Which Diet Is Best?

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Low Thyroid Or Hypothyroidism: What You Need to Know

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Magnesium: What You Need to Know

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One Reason (Of Many) to Avoid a Vegan Diet

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Peppermint Essential Oil: Health and Fitness Benefits

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Sleep: Why You Need It. How To Get More Of It

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The 4 Best Muscle-Building Supplements

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Hunga W, Liub T-H, Chenc C-Y, Chang C-K: Effect of [beta]-hydroxy-[beta]- methylbutyrate Supplementation During Energy Restriction in Female Judo Athletes. J Exerc Sci Fitness 2010;8:50–53.

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McCormack W, Stout J, Emerson N, et al. Oral nutritional supplement fortified with beta-alanine improves physical working capacity in older adults: a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Exp Gerontol. 2013;48(9):933-939.

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The Best Adaptogens For Health And Fitness

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The Ultimate Guide To Keto

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VIGOR: 5 Simple Habits for Better Men’s Health

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Why are high-protein diets best for health and fitness?

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Why Corporate Wellness Programs Don’t Work

Article found here: Why Corporate Wellness Programs Don’t Work

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